Appium an open-source automation framework developed by Dan Cuellar in 2007 and now it is used for testing native, hybrid and web applications in platforms like iOS and Android. This automates any mobile application of any language and any test framework. It uses a webdriver protocol to drive different platforms. It uses the JSON wire protocol to interact with iOS and Android native applications using the selenium webdriver.
Appium is an HTTP server written in node.js which handles multiple webdriver sessions. The reaction between node.js and selenium client libraries work together with the mobile application. It receives information from a client, listens to their commands, and executes it on a mobile device, and responds with an HTTP response. A client written in any language can be used to send the appropriate HTTP requests to the server and there are already clients written in almost every popular programming language hence they are called automation libraries.
Above all are the core benefits of Appium
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Contributor: Krishnendhu Sunil